Your Complete Guide on the
State Court of Gwinnett County
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What Is the State Court of Gwinnett County?
There are 71 state courts in Georgia, including the State Court of Gwinnett County. This trial court has exclusive jurisdiction over several legal matters, including family law, probate/estate matters, contract disputes, personal injury cases, criminal charges, and appeals from lower courts.
A Chief Judge heads the State Court of Gwinnett County, currently Chief Judge Carla E. Brown. The court handles some of the cases for Georgia alongside municipal, magistrate, probate, and juvenile courts.
Type of Cases Handled by State Court of Gwinnett County
As one of the five judicial systems in Georgia, each state court handles its cases based on its function and jurisdiction. The State Court of Gwinnett County deals with the following cases.
- Criminal cases: These involve the court listening and passing a guilty or not guilty ruling on infractions, misdemeanors, etc.
- Traffic cases: These cases involve road users’ violations of traffic rules. The court handles cases that lead to loss of life or property damage due to reckless driving. Truck accident cases are also handled here. A truck accident attorney can guide you.
- Probate cases: This type of case involves estate planning and last will and testament. The court passes rulings that involve sharing a deceased person’s property and estate.
- Contract cases: Generally, the court is able to offer amicable solutions to broken business or employment contracts. It may also compel the party in the wrong to compensate the affected party for damages.
- Tort cases: These involve personal injuries. In court, a personal injury lawyer fights for fair compensation for their client.
- Family law: These types of cases can include divorces, marriages, and adoptions. The court provides the amicable resolution of family conflicts.
- Appellate reviews: The court may listen to cases originating from other courts, such as magistrate court cases. It serves as an appellate court to lower jurisdiction courts.
If you feel that the state court’s ruling could be more satisfactory, you can push the case to the Superior Court. Your lawyer can help you do this to ensure you get a fair trial.
It’s also important to note that the federal court system handles all the felony cases in Georgia. For example, it handles cases dealing with treaties of the U.S., ambassador cases, and bankruptcy.
General Information About the State Court of Gwinnett County
The Gwinnett Justice and Administration Center (G.J.A.C.) is home to the Gwinnett County State Court, located at 75 Langley Drive, Lawrenceville, Georgia.
You can also contact the state court by calling 770-822-8100. Court staff will help you get to its physical location.
It’s also essential to note the number and letter markings that identify each courtroom. They indicate where the judge handling different cases is sitting that day. If you need help, the second-floor staff can help you go where you need to be.
Court Docket and Schedule of the State Court of Gwinnett County
Court dockets are public records, often about the proceedings and activities of the court. The term can also refer to the calendar of events and hearings scheduled at a particular time.
The court’s clerk is responsible for keeping such records for the state court of Gwinnett. The clerk’s office collaborates with the Court’s Information Technology Division. They provide the public with a more efficient information dissemination service.
The court is open from 8 AM to 5 PM every day except Saturday and Sunday. So make sure to make a walk-in visit during the stipulated times to get service in the court.
If you have a summon to a hearing, your document will have the court’s date, time, and location. Make sure to arrive in time to avoid the disposition of your case.
However, depending on the case, there are other options to use if you miss the scheduled time of a hearing. You can attend the hearing remotely through videoconference. You can also request a continuance to set a hearing on another available date.
Accessing Court Records at the State Court of Gwinnett County
Depending on the nature of a case, some court documents can be public or sealed. Sealed documents include those from juveniles or cases that involve minors. They’re even maintained separately. For public records, the clerk’s office can avail them to you upon making an official request.
You can access adoption, appeal, criminal, civil, and tort case records. There are several ways of accessing state court records of Gwinnett County. They include the following methods:
- Personal visit to the clerk of the court office between 8 AM and 5 PM from Monday to Friday
- Mail to the court clerk’s main office at P.O. Box 880, Lawrenceville, G 30046, 770-822-8100.
- Via the Gwinnett Courts Portal. The Odyssey Case Management system powers it.
- Via the re:SearchGA Tyler tool. You may sign in with an eFileGA account to access the records.
- Via the Recorder’s Court Cases tool. To search for a record, you require at least a case number, citation number, last name, and date of birth.
Representing Yourself in Court at the State Court of Gwinnett County
It’s possible to represent yourself in court without a lawyer. However, you must be ready for the complexity and time-consuming process associated with the venture. It’s also important to note that you won’t have access to the same information as a lawyer would have during such a case.
When representing yourself, make sure to:
Research your case extensively
Understand all the applicable laws and regulations before making any moves
Complete all paperwork with precision and accuracy
Follow the court rules and procedures without fail
Remain calm in the courtroom
Be prepared for possible appeal processes should your case not go your way
It’s also important to note the right statutes and legal procedures that involve your case. You must understand the Gwinnett County Court rules of evidence, civil and criminal procedures. It isn’t easy, but understanding all these can help you make the best decision, even if you represent yourself in court.
If you feel overwhelmed and would rather have an expert by your side, consider getting a criminal defense attorney. Attorneys specializing in criminal cases can help guide you through the legal process, ensuring your rights are respected. They’ll also be able to provide sound advice on how to proceed with your case for the best outcome. Regardless of what type of court case you may find yourself in, having legal representation can make a huge difference.